springfield, massachusetts county

Beneath the elevated highway, the City of Springfield's largest parking garage was constructed at 1756 spaces, as were a series of stone walls and grassy knolls, which have made the riverfront difficult to access by foot. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Looking to capitalize on Springfield's defection, the Massachusetts Bay Colony decided to reassert its jurisdiction over land bordering the Connecticut River, including Agawam. The Hendee Manufacturing Company, Indian's parent company, also manufactured other products such as aircraft engines, bicycles, boat motors, and air conditioners. Then as now, a major crossroads, during the 1770s, George Washington selected a high bluff in Springfield as the site of the U.S. National Armory. Wason Manufacturing Company of Springfield – one of the United States' first makers of railway passenger coach equipment – produced America's first sleeping car in 1857, (also known as a Pullman Car). View the photos, address, physical description and more details of each registered offender in Springfield, MA. With every mortgage, Native people lost more land - even as their population base recovered and expanded from the old sickness.[24]. In 2010, the University of Massachusetts Amherst moved its Urban Design graduate program to Court Square in Metro Center. [76] Indeed, the word "stupid" has been used to describe Springfield's first, and most unfortunate attempt at urban renewal. Led by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon Saffery, the group left in a border crossing at the old Bissell's Ferry in Windsor, north of today's downtown Windsor and went into a line near what is currently U.S. Route 44. Its prosperity waned for the next hundred years but, in 1777, Revolutionary War leaders made it a National Armory to store weapons, and in 1795 it began manufacturing muskets. [91], Concurrently, from 2007 until 2011, numerous destination events took root in Springfield, increasing liveliness in the city. After years of encroaching upon Indian land and decimating the native population with European diseases, the leader of the Eastern Massachusetts Wampanoag Indian tribe, Wamsutta, died shortly after being questioned at gunpoint by Plymouth colonists. Our complete calling resource guide instantly gives you the the Springfield area code and local time to help you make your long distance call to Springfield, Massachusetts. Purchases of large swaths of land from the Indians continued throughout the 17th century, enlarging Springfield's territory and forming other colonial towns elsewhere in the Connecticut River Valley. The Pocumtucs capitulated and ultimately sold the colonists corn; however, Mason's violent approach led to the natives' deepening distrust of the English. Contents. For those seeking a thrill, there is the Six Flags New England is just a short drive away. On October 5, 1675, despite the advance warning, during the Siege of Springfield, 45 of Springfield's 60 houses were burned to the ground, as were the grist and saw mills belonging to village leader John Pynchon, which became smoldering ruins. The English attacked, but the Nonotucks forced them to withdraw and were able to keep moving.[27]. (Redirected from West Springfield (MA)) West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The Connecticut River flooded, reaching record heights, inundating the South End and the North End neighborhoods, where some of Springfield's finest mansions stood. [104][107] Additionally, Amtrak's Vermonter runs through downtown Springfield. As of 2011, St. John's Congregational Church – one of the Northeast's most prominent black congregations, now celebrating its 167th year in existence – still displays John Brown's Bible.[48]. of Parks & Recreation: Firsts Things First", "Springfield, MA – A Site on a Revolutionary War Road Trip on US Route 20", "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875", "Invent Now | Hall of Fame | Search | Inventor Profile", "Springfield 375 - Springfield's Official 375th Anniversary Celebration Site", "History | St. John's Congregational Church | Springfield, MA", "The Duryea Brothers – Automobile History", "Auction of 6-foot fiberglass sneakers deemed a success for Springfield", "Table 15. Smith & Wesson added 225 jobs in 2011.) [106] It is reported that trains will reach speeds of 110 mph (180 km/h), making the Springfield-New Haven intercity commuter line the first truly "high-speed train" in the United States. Barracks, shops, storehouses, and a magazine were built, but no arms were manufactured. Springfield, MA ZIP Codes. General Shepard had requested permission from U.S. Secretary of Defense Henry Knox to use the weaponry in the Arsenal, because technically its firepower belonged to the United States, and not the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. [120], Immediately following the tornado, Governor Deval Patrick declared a "State of Emergency" for the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Springfield College constructed a $45 million multi-purpose university center,[101] while Western New England University constructed a $40 million pharmacy school – the only such school in the region. [91] It has been reported that, on its completion in 2012, Baystate will hire 550 new doctors, approximately doubling the hospital's current capacity. Springfield Genealogy (in Hampden County, MA) USA (1,111,225) > Massachusetts (39,382) > Hampden County (2,569) > Springfield (620). Only 4 known copies survived. With so many dead, "rot[ting] above ground for want of burial," British colonists were emboldened to attempt significant settlement of the region. the more warlike Pequots and Mohegans.). The Clerk's office ensures that public records are retained, archived, and made accessible to the public in accordance with all laws and regulations. [72][75], The highway construction sliced through three of Springfield's most (theretofore) most desirable neighborhoods and many historical landmarks – among them, Court Square, Forest Park, and the Everett Hosmer Barney Mansion. Bassette Company, Springfield, Massachusetts. It seriously damaged the campus of MacDuffie School. [82] Aside from overspending and gross inequities in State funding, other observers of Springfield's fiscal crisis noted a weak economy, years of incompetent management, and corruption in city government. The actual location of the stockaded Indian village is about a mile north, off Longhill Street, on a bluff overlooking the river. The volume of the trade fell, from a 1654 high of 3723 pelts to a mere 191 ten years later. [64] Originally, plans called for the highway to be routed along the west bank of the Connecticut River, through West Springfield; however, Springfield civic officials campaigned for it to cross the river through the North End, Metro Center, and South End neighborhoods. $175,000. Opening Hours. Pynchon would have been agreeable to this if Springfield could have had representation at the Fort at Saybrook; however, Connecticut refused to allow Springfield a presence at the fort, and thus Pynchon instructed his boats to refuse to pay Connecticut's toll. Box 4895 Springfield, MA 01101-4895. In Massachusetts, Springfield is ranked 204th of 585 cities in Private Schools per capita, and 165th of 585 cities in Private Schools per square mile. In 1635, he commissioned a scouting expedition led by John Cable and John Woodcock to find the Connecticut River Valley's most suitable site for the dual purposes of agriculture and trading. The region's numerous rivers and geological history have dictated that its soil is among the finest for farming in the Northeast. Near Enfield Falls, he erected a warehouse to store goods awaiting shipment, which is still called "Warehouse Point" to this day, located in East Windsor, Connecticut. [30] Many refugees of the war joined the Wabanaki in the north, where their descendants remain today. With the passage of the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) in 1990, a long process of repatriation began. ", "Top 10 Most Popular Sports in The World", "Springfield's 375th: From Puritans to presidents", "US-5: A Highway To History. While not all records have been made available online at this time, the City is continually working to provide as many records as possible through the City’s website. During the first several years of the Financial Control Board, officials concentrated on "controlling personnel costs,"[59] However, in 2006 the FCB hired the Urban Land Institute to study Springfield and then conceive a viable plan for the city's revitalization. Also, throughout Springfield, I-91 was constructed as an elevated highway, which blocked all riverfront views in downtown. In 1873, America's first postcard was invented in Springfield by the Morgan Envelope Factory. Within a few decades, most of the inhabitants of Agawam were confined to a palisaded fort on Long Hill. Springfield adalah sebuah kota di barat New England, dan berpusat di Hampden County, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat.Springfield terletak di pinggiran sungai timur Connecticut dekat pertemuan dengan tiga sungai: Sungai Westfield bagian barat, Sungai Chicopee timur, dan Sungai Mill timur. It was the northernmost settlement of the Connecticut Colony. Then as now, a major crossroads, during the 1770s, George Washington selected a high bluff in Springfield as the site of the U.S. National Armory. Mezzaluna Pizzeria is located in Hampden County of Massachusetts state. 4 bds, 1 ba, 1,015 sqft - House for sale; 7 days on Zillow. – RTC TrailBlog – Rails-to-Trails Conservancy", "Governor Patrick, Sen. Kerry survey destruction in western Massachusetts", "Springfield Diocese searching for temporary home for Cathedral High School, St. Michael's middle school". [69] Since approximately 2005, Springfield's Club Quarter in Metro Center has seen a large increase in LGBT bars and clubs. Massachusetts; Hampden County; Springfield; Springfield Cemetery; Added: 1 Jan 2000; Find a Grave Cemetery: #91750; Add Photos. The tornado was also very wide at some points, reaching a maximum width of one-half mile." [4] As of 2011, Springfield-based Spalding is the world's largest producer of basketballs, and produces the official basketball of the National Basketball Association.[52]. Springfield, MA 01103 Phone 311 or 413.736.3111 M, Tu, W, F: 8:30 - 4 pm Thursday: 8:30 am - 6 pm Home / City Clerk. Many non-basketball-related events in Springfield also draw inspiration from the sport; for example, the annual Hoop City Jazz Festival brings jazz greats and tens of thousands of people to the "Hoop City. In the 1920s, the city's precision manufacturing base attracted England's Rolls-Royce, who concluded, “The artisans of Springfield – from long experience in fine precision work – were found to possess the same pride in workmanship as the craftsmen of England." This resulted in one of the longest running border disputes in American history. : Control Board", "$110 Million State-of-the-art Springfield Data Center Slated to Open May 2012 - Baystate Health", "Demolition of former Springfield Tech High School under way (photos and video)", "hampden Bank's hoop Cityjazz & art festival", "Grassroots group plans first-ever Springfield Pride Week", "The numbers game: Springfield, the FBI's Uniform Crime Report, 'Most Dangerous Cities' lists, and what they all mean", "Springfield, Massachusetts (MA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news", "Worst Crisis Since '30s, With No End Yet in Sight", "Smith & Wesson to move 225 jobs to Springfield from Rochester, N.H., operation", "Baystate Medical Center building $251 million 'Hospital of the Future' in Springfield", "City of Springfield, Mass. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The first building to serve as an indoor basketball court resides at Wilbraham & Monson Academy in suburban Wilbraham, and has since been converted into a dormitory (Smith Hall). United States Genealogy. From this point onward, precision manufacturing companies, which had long provided Springfield's economic base and were also the driving factor behind its famous creativity, left the city for places with lower taxes. In addition, the loss of Springfield's riverfront and the ugliness of the elevated Interstate 91 contributed to white flight from the city to its suburbs. ... Springfield, MA 01103 | 413-755-1722 | [email protected] The Registry of Deeds is a division of William Francis … Oak Grove Cemetery. [4] Merriam Webster continues to maintain its worldwide headquarters in Springfield, just north of the Springfield Armory. Last Updated a minute ago: USPS.com is the website for the United States Postal Service. The company's motto was "there is no better motorcar." Camp Wilder YMCA 1492 Parker Street Springfield, MA. The Financial Control Board (FCB) operated under the overall direction of the State Secretary of Finance and Administration. Today, both amateur and professional basketball are an integral part of Springfield's culture. File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata; Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: 800 × 441 pixels. Ultimately, in 1640, Pynchon and the planters of Agawam voted to separate themselves from the other river towns, removing themselves from the jurisdiction of Connecticut Colony. [50][51] In 1895, the Duryea Motor Wagon won America's first-ever road race – a 54-mile (87 km) race from Chicago to Evanston, Illinois. [96][97] In 2010, Springfield ranked 51st in those rankings, in which it had once – in just 2003 – ranked 18th. Each contributor can upload a maximum of 5 photos for a cemetery. File:Hampden County Massachusetts incorporated and unincorporated areas Springfield highlighted.svg. The U.S. state of Massachusetts has 14 counties.Massachusetts abolished eight of its … Massachusetts real estate transactions for Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin counties Nov. 8, 2020 The Republican, masslive.com 11/8/2020 Videos of … [121], The City of Springfield is known as the City of Firsts because, throughout the centuries, its citizens have boldly created avante-garde products, organizations, and ideas. Springfield, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Agawam Plantation, after a nearby village of Algonkian-speaking Native Americans. [10], Cable and Woodcock found the Pocomtuc (or perhaps Nipmuck) village of Agawam on the western bank of the Connecticut River. Damages were estimated at $200,000,000 in 1936 dollars. Most of the buildings were erected during the 19th century, with the oldest dating from 1808. West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States.It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.The population was 28,391 at the 2010 census. Drag images here or select from your computer. With Windsor's and Wethersfield's consent, the Connecticut Colony's three southern settlements commissioned the famed Native American-conqueror Captain John Mason to travel to Springfield with "money in one hand and a sword in the other" to acquire grain for their settlements. Today, a large bronze statue of Morgan, who lost his son Pelatiah and son-in-law Edmund Prinrideyes in King Philip's War, stands in Springfield's Court Square, showing him in huntsman's dress with a rifle over his shoulder. At that time, the arsenal stored muskets, cannons, and other weapons; it also produced paper cartridges. For example, the United States' first commercial radio station was founded in Springfield in 1921, WBZ, broadcasting from Springfield's most luxurious hotel, the Hotel Kimball. Springfield also sits on some of the northeastern United States' most fertile soil. Westfield was the westernmost settlement of Massachusetts Bay Colony until 1725, and Springfield was, as it remains today, the colony's most populous and important western settlement. Shepard ordered a warning shot. In 1836, Springfield's American Colonization Society was its first radical abolitionist group. During this period, then-U.S. Vice President Thomas R. Marshall, who served under U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, famously opined, "Here is a center from which thought emanates. In 1891, James Naismith, a theology graduate, invented the sport of basketball at the YMCA International Training School – now known as Springfield College – to fill-in the gap between the football and baseball seasons. Jim Langfelder . … Noted not only for its intensity but also for the length of its continuous damage path – approximately 39 miles. The average temperature for Springfield this time of the year is low of 15F and high of 34F. [113][114] Over two weeks after the disaster, more than 250 people were still living at the MassMutual Center, homeless. Wamsutta's brother, Chief Metacomet (known to Springfielders as "Philip,") began a struggle against the English which would spread across the region. The passage of the Native American Graves and Repatriation Act in 1990 ordered museums across Western Mass and the country to repatriate these remains to Native peoples, an ongoing process. Skip to Main Content Accessibility ... Springfield, MA Hampden County As of Wed, Jan 13, 2021, 1:53 PM EST. Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts Genealogy. Washington selected Springfield for its centrality to important American cities and resources, its easy access to the Connecticut River and because, as today, the city served as the nexus for well-traveled roads. [8] The Agawam, as well as other groups, belong the larger cultural category of Alongkian Indians. Several of Springfield's grandest houses, including the mansion of skating blade magnate Everett Hosmer Barney, were demolished to construct the highway. In less than two minutes, much of the South End's commercial district – built more than a century ago and consisting of mostly brick, commercial buildings – lay in complete ruins, while the South End's recent improvements, e.g. [14] In 1850, in response to the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act, John Brown formed his first militant anti-slavery organization in Springfield: The League of Gileadites. City officials blamed inequities in the ways additional assistance appropriations were allocated to Springfield relative to other Massachusetts cities. (The automobile had not yet been invented, so Goodyear patented his rubber stamp rather than tires, for which he later became known). [110] First, it caused extensive damage to Springfield's Connecticut River Walk Park, deforesting much of the park's formerly lush tree canopy and removing large sections of its attractive wrought-iron fencing. White settlers traded wampum, cloth and metal in exchange for furs, as well as horticultural produce. Public Property Records provide information on land, homes, and commercial properties in Springfield, including titles, property deeds, mortgages, property tax assessment records, and other documents. Swift, Esther M. West Springfield Massachusetts: A Town History. [110] According to Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick, Springfielders were given only 10 minutes, warning that a tornado was approaching the densely populated city. Geographic Information System (GIS) When the Massachusetts Bay Colony heard about this controversy, it took Pynchon's side and immediately drafted a resolution that required Connecticut ships to pay a toll when entering Boston Harbor. He concluded that “the plain just above Springfield is perhaps one of the most proper spots on every account” for the location of a National Arsenal. Initially poor on arrival in Springfield, the Hispanic community's integration and subsequent increase in buying power set the stage for Springfield's resurgence in the first decade of the 21st century. Bay Path Cemetery. On January 25, 1787, Shays's and Parson's armies approached the Arsenal at Springfield expecting Day's army to back them up. City in and county seat of Sangamon County, Illinois, United States and Illinois federated state capital city. By 1858, the Republicans had taken control of many Northern States' governments. Hampden County Registry-Deeds 50 State St Springfield MA 01103. The 55 acres (220,000 m2) within the Armory's famous ornamental cast-iron fence are now administered by Springfield Technical Community College and the National Park Service. Springfield, MA 01105 Phone: 413.787.6741 Fax: 413.787.6458 Mon.-Fri. 8:15 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Home / Health & Human Services. For example, in 1819, inventor Thomas Blanchard and his lathe led to the uses of interchangeable parts and assembly line mass production, which went on to influence the entire world – while originally making arms production at The Springfield Armory faster and less expensive. In Massachusetts, the cruel institution was outlawed by 1783, in a court decision based on the 1780 Massachusetts Constitution. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 153,060. Learn more about Historical Facts of Massachusetts Counties. The reason for this has to do with the 1908 construction of Springfield's neo-classical 1200 Main Street building, also known as 101 State Street. [21] Standing to lose all of his land-holdings – the largest in the Connecticut River Valley – William Pynchon transferred ownership to his son, John and, in 1652, moved back to England with his friend, the Reverend Moxon. [118] Due to the experience with these tornadoes, Springfield College's twelfth (and incumbent) president Dr. Richard B. Flynn of Omaha, Nebraska, turned a ten-month-to-a-year restoration of campus into a ten-week project. [70][71], During the late 1960s, the elevated, 8-lane Interstate 91 was constructed on Springfield's riverfront – effectively blocking Springfielders' access to "The Great River." City in and county seat of Sangamon County, Illinois, United States and Illinois federated state capital city Based on best available data as of 1/14/2021. The State blamed overspending relative to income by the City. In 1901, "Indian" motorcycles (officially spelled Motocycle) were the first successful motorcycle manufacturers in the United States. Unwilling to relinquish their weapons, they left in the night of August 25. Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts Genealogy. [4][62] Also, the United States' first UHF television station was founded in Springfield in 1953, WWLP, (which, today, is Springfield's 22 News, Working for You). Maplewood Cemetery . We tell local Springfield news & weather stories, and we do what we do to make Springfield & the rest of Massachusetts a better place to live. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 8.9 miles away from the Springfield city center killed 3 people and injured 500 people and caused between $50,000,000 and $500,000,000 in damages. [49], Today, the city of Springfield is known worldwide as the birthplace of the sport of basketball. Springfield is the actual or alternate city name associated with 21 ZIP Codes by the US Postal Service.. List of Springfield YMCAs. [61] The Rolls Royce factory is adjacent to the former Indian Motorcycle manufacturing plant, by American International College. Opposition from unions eliminated that section. [4] Chief and Scout models were the company's best sellers from the 1920s to the 1950s. [59] City and state officials disagreed over the crisis' causes. [74] However, the highway that blocks Springfield's (now clean) rivers became the city's most famous and disastrous attempt at urban renewal.[73]. A cemetery can have a maximum of 20 photos. Without reinforcements from Day, the rebels were unsuccessful in taking the Springfield Arsenal. In Springfield, "The City of Progress," many products were invented that are still popular and necessary today. Native people began to construct and gather in palisaded “forts” - structures that were not necessary beforehand. Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Hampden County, MA. Nearly all Springfielders – from its wealthiest merchants to its influential newspaper publisher – supported abolitionism. Samuel Adams wanted the Regulators "put to death immediately." During this time, Springfield pioneered developments in mass media. [28] Following the Siege of Springfield, serious thought was given to abandoning the village of Springfield and defecting to nearby towns; however, residents of Springfield endured the winter of 1675 under siege conditions. Find Springfield, Massachusetts YMCAs. Seeking to overcome its downgrade, the city undertook several large (but unfinished) projects, including a $1 billion high-speed rail (New Haven-Hartford-Springfield high-speed rail), a proposed $1 billion MGM Casino, and others.[66][67]. In 1855, the formation of the Republican Party was championed by Samuel Bowles III, publisher of the influential Springfield daily newspaper, The Republican. No problems detected at USPS [57][58] During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Springfield was known worldwide for its precision manufacturing and as "a beehive of diversified production." [80] With energy prices rising, Springfield's 1908 building height limit now seems like an idea that was far ahead of its time. Immediately, Duryeas were purchased by luminaries of the times, such as George Vanderbilt. CNN delayed warning of the impending tornado due to a live interview with New York Congressman Anthony Weiner, who was discussing explicit photographs of himself that he had posted online. In 1634, Dutch traders triggered a devastating smallpox epidemic in among the region's Native people. 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Springfield was overspending relative to its income, as the Commonwealth claimed outlawed by,! In Petersham, Massachusetts 's estimated population of 154,613 people in an Area 32... Registered sex offenders in Springfield. [ 36 ] accused of witchcraft, and catalyzed U.S... ( officially spelled Motocycle ) were the first successful motorcycle manufacturers in the 2010 Census, plans! Springfield MA 01103 or more Office about the successes of Springfield, MA Springfield. To come out of retirement, and site maintenance, Enfield,,! For not purchasing the grain Bay commissioned a definable border to be up. Include the Repeating Pistol, and 1 Department of Labor per 77,306,!, reaching a maximum of 5 photos for a cemetery can have a maximum width of one-half.! The Regulators – was already inside the Arsenal at Springfield. [ 27 ] its! State loan of $ 52 million to be drawn up, one of the state... 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